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Hello and welcome to GMax Studios. My
name is Gorky M and today we are going to be talking about how to shoot video
on your camera, the best settings for this – including slow motion. Video is nothing but an optical illusion.
When a series of images is played back to you quickly due to persistence of
vision it seems that the object is moving seamlessly – and this is video! The
basic minimum frame rate required to create an illusion of seamless movement
is 24 frames a second 24 fps for 24 images in 1 second. So 24 fps is the
standard frame rate at which modern motion pictures are shot. Any slower than
this and the image will not appear to move seamlessly. So if you are after that film look the
24fps setting on your camera is the one that you should use to shoot your videos. But is 24fps the best frame rate to shoot
at? Well, for me, living in India or for anybody living in India, Europe, rest of
the world except the Americas, Japan and a few other countries the best frame rate
in my opinion is 25 fps. Why 25fps? Well, for one, 25 FPS is very close
to the film rate of 24 fps. So much so, that it is practically
impossible to make out the difference. Secondly, if you are shooting at 25 fps in
these countries – you can shoot outdoor and indoor without fear because if
you’re shooting indoor under domestic lights at any other frame rate like
let’s say 30fps you might encounter banding because the electricity in these
countries is supplied at 50 Hertz. Thirdly, the professional television
broadcasting system followed in these countries is PAL which is based on the
25 fps frame rate. With lines between television and digital blurring, why
would you want to rule out the possibility of your content or footage
getting picked up by any major broadcaster. Well, if you live in the
Americas, Japan or any other country that follows the NTSC system, the standard
frame rate for you would be 30fps. Of course if you’re shooting for digital
outdoor you can choose between any frame rate whether it is 25, 24 or 30. So what is
the best shutter speed to shoot your videos at? Well, our eyes are accustomed
to a certain amount of motion blur in real life and in order to replicate that
your shutter speed needs to be twice that of your frame rate. So, for example,
if you are shooting at 24 fps your shutter speed will be 1 by 50th of a
second since the camera does not have an option of 1 by 48. Similarly, if you are
shooting at 25 fps your shutter speed will still be 1 by 50th of a second. If you’re shooting at 30fps your shutter
speed will be 1/60th. If your shutter speed is more or less
than double the frame rate, the motion blur does not seem quite natural. Now let’s talk about the aperture. The cinematic look of video has largely
been associated with a shallow depth-of-field and in order to achieve
this you need a lens with a large aperture like the 50mm 1.8 If you don’t have such a lens then you
need to open the aperture on your existing lens as much as you can. Now opening the aperture comes with its
own set of problems especially if you’re shooting in daylight. First the shutter
speed increases giving the video an unnatural look. In this case, you have no option but to
use an ND filter on the lens to bring down your shutter speed. Secondly,
opening the aperture creates a very shallow depth of field which makes it
very difficult to focus on moving objects. In this case, it might be wise or
prudent to stop down your aperture to 2.8 4 or 5.6 Talking about ISO – the ISO should be kept
as low as possible as we have discussed in many of our videos. So the big question is, how do you focus
when you are shooting video? Well, the short and the long answer to this is
that you manually focus because the autofocus system on most of the cameras
except for some top and ones is not really good and even if it is good it is
not really predictable. It is the last thing that you want while shooting a
video is that your camera starts hunting for focus or focuses on the wrong
subject. So if you want absolute creative control in terms of focus and timing –
manual focus is the only way to go because this is the way it is done in
even the biggest of films and television shows. In fact, the top end cine cameras
like Reds and Arris do not have autofocus at all. Now let’s talk about slow-motion slow-mo
or high frame rate. Some cameras give you the option of shooting at 50 FPS 60 fps
100 FPS or even more and some people believe that shooting at these high
frame rates gives the footage a smoother look but I kind of disagree. Even Peter
Jackson shot “Hobbit” at 48 fps instead of 24 and the audience quite did not like
it, probably for the same reason that I do not like it because it makes the
footage look kind of unreal. But if we take the same footage say shot at 50 fps,
lay it down in an editing software and play it back at the standard frame rate
of 25 fps, it gives a beautiful slow-motion. The higher the frame rate,
the slower the slow-motion will be. Remember that shooting high frame rate
your shutter speed still needs to be double that of the rate at which you are shooting. In some cameras you might have to switch
between NTSC and PAL to access the other frame rates. Some cameras give you the option of
shooting at 50i, 25p, ALL-l or IPB. These are nothing but the methods to control
the quality and the file size of your video. So remember that p is better than
i even though the file size might be larger and similarly ALL-I is better
than IPB. There is still a lot more to talk about as far as shooting video is
concerned like HD, full HD, UHD, 4K, bit rates and aspect ratios but we will
leave that for another time. If you have made it this far, please do subscribe to
our channel GMax Studios and until the next video, bye bye!!!

100 thoughts on “How to film or shoot a video on your DSLR camera | DSLR FilmMaking | Tutorial

  1. Can you make a tutorial video focusing on how to maual focus in video mode while using a gimbal or Steadicam. Also while panning/ pulling/pushing or orbiting?

  2. Mera canon 80 camera me
    FHD 50fps , FHD 25fps,
    FHD 25P(Light IPP), HD 50fps ,
    HD 25 fps ka sirf 5 hi option he 60fps ka koi option nai he , ye kaise ho sakta he ?

  3. Can I make professional video commercial with sony cybershot camera wx220 if I arrange for lighting. I want to shoot add commercial for my website.

  4. Probably the best and easily understandable video on this topic. My compliments to GMAX team πŸ‘

  5. That was awesome, learnt something new today about 25 FPS πŸ‘ŒπŸ½πŸ‘ŒπŸ½πŸ‘ŒπŸ½

  6. Sir, if iam shooting a rock show, how will I manage with manual focus with the crooner running all around the stage. Request you to guide me, how I can control using Canon camera connect. Thanks in advance Sir

  7. your eyes and ur lips amd ur smile all of them speaks.. if somebody focuses too much on ur face , every attribute of ur face looks like its talking and smiling.. very nicevideo btw

  8. Sir, this is Abhishek Verma. I need a camera for lecture recording. The width of the room is 10 feet (between the two walls). I'm confused about which one to buy camcorder or DSLR or lumix. My budget is 50,000 max. Plz help!!

  9. Plz suggest me a camera for daily & travel photography, sony a6000, a6300 or canon eos m50. Or anything else. Mu budget is 70k. I am new in photography.

  10. Thank you for your most informative videos. I live in Europe, so I should use 25 and when I travel to the US, I should use 30? and I would have to change from PAL to NTSC?

  11. I just bought a Cannon Ti7 to make little videos for my adult ESL students to review lessons in class. I want to make a handwriting video where the camera is a stationary position pointing at a piece paper to learn how to have proper penmanship. Do you have any videos that will help me?

  12. Sir I was fed up with banding problem but unable to understand why it is so and also unable to get video dedicated on it. But finally u provided it with very simple explanation. Thankyou so much sir for your simple and clear explanation of any topic and also u look great especially your expression πŸ‘ŒπŸ‘ŒπŸ‘ŒπŸ‘ŒπŸ‘Œ

  13. Itna english bolre bhai fir bhi itne kam view kam se kam hindi to bolo indian log to dekhenge waise mai samajh gaya

  14. Very good and informative video .. though I already knew everything that was said in the video becoz I myself like making videos very much but still it was very explained in very simple manner . One thing I want to let people know that if anyone buying a DSLR for youtube or making videos as a main priority you should buy a canon DSLR cuz Nikon autofocus in video sucks as hell… All the best

  15. Very nice tipps πŸ™‚ I have one question. Im filming for slowmo in 1080 50 fps,Β  for normal recordings should i take 1080 25 fps oder 4k 25 fps? I work with final cut . is it a Problem later if i use 1080 and 4k mixed? Thank you very much πŸ™‚

  16. This is great thank you! It would Be even better if some of your comparison shots played out for a bit longer I found them really useful. Thanks again top stuff

  17. Very informative and comprehensive video on shooting video on DSLR.

    Good focused content with well researched and tight script. Thanks & good luck.

  18. Sir one question has appeared in my mind sometime. In the purpose of Videography on DSLR Camera, which criteria should i follow everytime if my FPS setting is 25p.

    1. I should take videography in auto mode only.
    2. Should follow manual mode and Shutter Speed should maintain 1/50 where Aparture 5.6/Other.
    3. Should follow Shutter Speed priority mode with 1/50.
    Which is best setting?

  19. I don’t comment on videos at all but this is just what I have spent an hour searching for.
    Great simple advice and guidance πŸ‘πŸ»

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